Germany probes Turkey’s ‘intolerable spying’

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GermanyGerman prosecutors on Tuesday announced an investigation into claims that Turkish agents are spying on alleged followers of exiled preacher Fethullah Gulen in Germany.

The probe came as a German state minister accused Turkey of the “unacceptable” espionage against supporters of Gulen, blamed by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan for a failed coup attempt last year.

The claims open a new front in the diplomatic row between Nato allies Germany and Turkey, whose relationship has been strained by a series of disputes centred on human rights issues.

Watch list

“It is clear that the Turkish secret service MIT is investigating people living in Germany,” said Boris Pistorius, interior minister of the northern German state of Lower Saxony, deploring the “intensity and ruthlessness” of Turkey’s pursuit of people living abroad.

“It’s intolerable and unacceptable,” he said at a media conference.

Erdogan’s government had asked Berlin to help spy on about 300 alleged Gulen supporters, Pistorius said, adding that the list was handed to Germany’s BND spy service, which turned it over to state governments.

But Pistorius’s state decided to inform the more than 10 targets in Lower Saxony, including a school and at least two companies, fearing people could suffer “retaliation” if they travelled to Turkey while unaware they were on a watch list.

Turkish authorities were acting with “something close to paranoia,” he said, adding that “all Gulen supporters aratch liste assumed to be terrorists and enemies of the state even though there is not the tiniest scrap of evidence.”

Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere meanwhile warned Turkey against spying in Germany, saying “espionage activities on German soil is punishable by law and will not be tolerated by us”.

Although Gulen, a 75-year-old cleric living the United States, has denied charges that he was involved in the failed coup last July to overthrow Erdogan, Ankara has cracked down hard on the preacher’s followers.

Turkish spying

More than 41 000 people in Turkey have been arrested over suspected links to Gulen’s movement and 100 000 fired or suspended from their jobs. Many of them are teachers, police, magistrates and journalists.

Erdogan has in turn accused Germany of harbouring Kurdish and other “terrorists”, claiming that Berlin is refusing to hand over alleged suspects.

Separately, the foreign ministries in Sweden and Denmark have called in Turkey’s envoys over claims of Turkish spying on opposition figures living in the Scandinavian countries.